Conditions we can advise on
Conditions for which assessment and advice can be provided in the Great Ormond Street Hospital Neurodisability Service include:
Learning disability - it is estimated that around one in 220 children in the UK has some level of learning disability. A learning disability is not a disease and is not an illness, and is not acquired in adulthood or as a result of injury or disease.
A learning disability will be evident from childhood and in many cases the cause of the learning disability may not be clear. In other cases, genetics, chromosomal abnormalities or environmental factors may be the cause.
Autism Spectrum disorder when there is uncertainty about the diagnosis or additional difficulties such as
The wider Neurodisability service also has expertise in the assessment of children with autistic spectrum conditions in the context of:
- intellectual disability, language disorders, hearing impairment behavioural and motor co-ordination problems and specific learning difficulties.
- visual impairment
- cerebral palsy
- mental health conditions
- selective mutism
- Communication difficulties requiring Assisted and Augmentative Communication
Epilepsy and associated developmental problems, including difficulties with language, communication, social interaction, learning, behaviour or movement. We work closely with the paediatric neurology department and the epilepsy surgery programme.
Children with little or no vision and severe visual impairment. We work closely with Ophthalmology and other departments such as endocrinology, metabolic medicine and neurology when children have additional medical or neurological conditions.
Dysphagia – treating children most of whom have some degree of neurological impairment, resulting in severe and specific difficulties with eating and drinking.
Movement disorders (including cerebral palsy) - where there are specific questions regarding diagnosis, prognosis and motor management. There is a particular emphasis on the management of spasticity.
Metabolic disorders where there are concerns about neurological complications. These complications may range through communication and language, learning, behaviour or movement problems and educational issues. We work closely with the Metabolic Medicine Department.
Osteogenesis imperfecta - a condition causing extremely fragile bones.
Sturge-Weber syndrome and associated medical and developmental problems - Sturge-Weber syndrome is a rare disorder that is present at birth. A child with this condition will have a port-wine stain birthmark (usually on the face) and neurologic problems.