Research and publications from the Craniofacial Unit

The Craniofacial Unit is involved with a number of research and audit projects.


Ongoing and recent projects include:

speech, language and cognitive development in Aperts and Pfeiffers syndrome and sagittal synostosis

visual outcomes in craniofacial dysostoses

growth of osteoblasts on bio-absorbable membranes

investigation into factors affecting complication rates in frontofacial distraction

a visual analogue scale to assess outcomes in frontal remodelling

changes in speech following craniofacial distraction

relapse following frontofacial distraction

the role of surgery in the management of periorbital haemangiomas.

cognitive outcomes in children with craniofacial dysostosis

incidence of raised intracranial pressure in children with syndromic craniosynostosis

the use of "springs" in posterior vault remodelling

Research in collaboration with other craniofacial centres:

investigation into intraoperative blood loss during craniofacial surgery
outcomes following frontal remodelling

the use of bioabsorbable membranes as frameworks for the growth of osteoblasts. (Collaborative project with Helsinki craniofacial group)

the incidence of raised intracranial pressure in complex craniosynostosis


Greig AV, Britto JA, Abela C, Witherow H, Richards R, Evans RD, Jeelani NU,
Hayward RD, Dunaway DJ. Correcting the typical Apert face: combining bipartition with monobloc distraction. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013 Feb;131(2):219e-230e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3182778882. PubMed PMID: 23358017.

Dunaway DJ, Britto JA, Abela C, Evans RD, Jeelani NU. Complications offrontofacial advancement. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012Sep;28(9):1571-6. doi: 10.1007/s00381-012-1804-y. Epub 2012 Aug 8. Review. PubMed PMID: 22872275.

Britto JA, Gwanmesia I, Leshem D. The Christmas tree foreheadplasty: a noveltechnique used in combination with a bandeau for fronto-orbital remodelling incraniosynostosis. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012 Sep;28(9):1375-80. doi: 10.1007/s00381-012-1806-9. Epub 2012 Aug 8. PubMed PMID: 22872251.

Cobb AR, Green B, Gill D, Ayliffe P, Lloyd TW, Bulstrode N, Dunaway DJ. Thesurgical management of Treacher Collins syndrome. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014 Sep;52(7):581-589. doi: 10.1016/j.bjoms.2014.02.007. Epub 2014 Apr 26. Review. PubMed PMID: 24776174.

Crombag GA, Verdoorn MH, Nikkhah D, Ponniah AJ, Ruff C, Dunaway D. Assessingthe corrective effects of facial bipartition distraction in Apert syndrome using geometric morphometrics. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2014Jun;67(6):e151-61. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2014.02.019. Epub 2014 Mar 12. PubMed PMID: 24709088.

Tatla T, East C, Marucci DD, Al-Reefy H, Madani G, Oakley R, Dunaway DJ. Frontoethmoidal Mucocele Following Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery. J CraniofacSurg. 2014 Feb 13. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24481162.

Cobb AR, Jeelani NO, Ayliffe PR. Orbital fractures in children. Br J OralMaxillofac Surg. 2013 Jan;51(1):41-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bjoms.2012.03.006. Epub 2012 Apr 10. PubMed PMID: 22497691.

Fitzgerald O'Connor EJ, Marucci DD, Jeelani NO, Witherow H, Richards R, Dunaway DJ, Hayward RD. Ocular advancement in monobloc distraction. PlastReconstr Surg. 2009 May;123(5):1570-7. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181a07625. PubMed PMID: 19407630.

Jeelani NU, Khan MA, Fitzgerald O'Connor EJ, Dunaway D, Hayward R. Frontofacial monobloc distraction using the StealthStation intraoperativenavigation system: the ability to see where you are cutting. J Craniofac Surg.2009 May;20(3):892-4. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e3181a14d70. PubMed PMID: 19369889.