Keyhole or minimally invasive surgery is a method of carrying out an operation without having to make a large incision. It is also known as laparoscopic surgery when used to operate on the abdomen and thoracoscopic surgery when used on the chest area.
A circumcision is an operation to remove the foreskin of the penis. Circumcision is only necessary for medical reasons. For the first four to five years of a boy’s life, it is normal for the foreskin to be attached to the head of the penis and not pull back.
Venous sclerotherapy is a procedure used at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) to treat venous malformations. Venous malformations are made up of extra veins that have no use and cause problems. A medicine is injected into the veins, which irritates them encouraging them to shrink.