This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) describes how this medicine is given and some of its possible side effects. Each person reacts differently to medicines so your child will not necessarily experience every side effect mentioned. If you have any questions or concerns, please ask your doctor, nurse or pharmacist or telephone one of the contact numbers of this information sheet.
What is it for?
Isotretinoin is a retinoid, which is a type of Vitamin A. It is commonly used for the treatment of severe acne. Retinoids are thought to influence the way in which cells grow and develop, and prevent the production of specific genes that may cause cancer.
It is known to be effective in the treatment of a number of different types of cancer. It has been shown to improve survival in patients with high risk or Stage M neuroblastoma.
Isotretinoin is also called 13-cis-retinoic acid, which is available as 10mg and 20mg capsules and 20mg/ml oral liquid.
Soya allergy - Isotretinoin capsules contains soya. If your child is allergic to soya he or she should not take isotretinoin. Please tell your doctor who will be able to discuss possible alternative treatment with you.
What are the side effects?
Side effects are uncommon, but isotretinoin can cause:
Drying of skin, lips and eyes
Moisturisers and lip salves containing vitamin E should be used during treatment (applied a minimum of 4-6 times a day) with isotretinoin, ideally even before the skin and lips become cracked and dry. If your child develops dry/cracked skin or lips you must contact your keyworker or oncology team.
Sensitivity to sunlight
Your child’s skin may also become more sensitive to sunlight. Your child should avoid being exposed to sunlight and other forms of ultraviolet light.
If they do go out in the sun, always use a good sunblock (SPF 50 or higher and wear a hat).
Bone marrow suppression
There will be a temporary reduction in how well your child's bone marrow works. This is unlikely to have any noticeable effects.
Changes in liver function
Isotretinoin may change how well your child’s liver works. These changes may happen rapidly. Blood tests (LFTs) will be taken to monitor your child’s liver function during treatment. Please contact your doctor immediately if your child complains of pain in their right side or the whites of their eyes or their skin develops a yellow tinge.
Increase in blood fats
Isotretinoin can cause raised levels of some fats in the blood (triglycerides). This will not have any noticeable effect. Blood tests will be taken and doses adjusted if necessary.
Effects on the unborn child
Isotretinoin must not be given to girls who may be pregnant or are likely to become pregnant in the near future. If your daughter is ten years old or older, we will ask her about her periods and any possibility that she could be pregnant. We will also carry out a pregnancy test on a fresh urine sample. If your daughter is sexually active, she must use a reliable form of contraception.
If you are concerned about any of these side effects, please discuss them with your doctor or pharmacist.
Isotretinoin and other medications
Some medicines can interact with isotretinoin, altering how well it works.
Always check with your doctor or pharmacist before giving your child any other medicine, including medicines on prescription from your family doctor (GP), medicines bought from a pharmacy (chemist) or any herbal or complementary medicines.
- If you accidentally spill the liquid on the work surface or floor, wearing gloves, cover the spillage with kitchen paper. Wipe the area with water then clean with household cleaner and water.
- If the liquid gets onto your skin, you must wash the area immediately, using plenty of water. If the skin is sore you should contact your GP (family doctor) for advice.
- If the liquid accidentally gets into your eyes, wash with plenty of running water for at least 10 minutes. If your eyes are sore after this, you should go to your nearest Accident and Emergency (A&E) department.
- If the liquid is spilt on clothing, the spill should be blotted dry with kitchen paper. Clothing should be removed immediately and washed separately from other items. Used kitchen paper should be disposed of as above.
- Used paper towels, masks, vomit and dirty disposable nappies should be placed inside two rubbish bags and disposed of along with your normal rubbish.
If any type of spillage occurs you should contact GOSH for advice immediately.
- Keep all medicines in a safe place where children cannot reach them.
- Isotretinoin capsules should be kept in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight or heat.
- Keep the capsules in their original packaging.
- You cannot get this medicine from your GP or local community pharmacy.
- Do not give your child any other medicines that contain Vitamin A, while they are taking isotretinoin. If you are not sure about other medicines, please ask your pharmacist, doctor or nurse.
- You should handle these medicines with care, avoiding touching the capsules where possible. If you are pregnant or think you could be pregnant, please discuss handling instructions with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist. Please see our Special handling requirements information sheet for further details.
- If you forget to give your child a dose and it is within a few hours of when the dose was due, give it as soon as you remember. Otherwise, do not give this dose but wait until the next dose is due. Do not give a double dose.
- If your child vomits straight after taking the dose, inform your doctor or nurse, as your child may need to take another one.
- If your doctor decides to stop treatment with isotretinoin or the medicine passes its expiry date, return any remaining medicine to the pharmacist. Do not flush it down the toilet or throw it away.
For further information please contact:
Medicines Information: 020 7829 8608 or via the Medications page on the MyGOSH app (available Monday - Friday, 9am - 5pm excluding Bank Holidays)
GOSH switchboard: 020 7405 9200 or contact your clinical team directly via the MyGOSH app