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Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) non-invasive ventilation

CPAP is Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. It is a type of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) or breathing support. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) non-invasive ventilation, how it can be used as a treatment for breathing difficulties during sleep and how to manage it at home.

Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin is a retinoid, which is a type of Vitamin A. It is commonly used for the treatment of severe acne. Retinoids are thought to influence the way in which cells grow and develop, and prevent the production of specific genes that may cause cancer.This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains what isotretinoin is, how it is given and some of the possible side effects. 

Lynsey Stronach

For children on haemodialysis, coping with the demands of the therapy can be a time consuming and exhaustive process. Required to visit the hospital three times a week for four hours at a time, school work and holidays are disrupted and a great strain can be placed on the whole family. Thankfully, due to your generosity, the hospital now employs a full time home haemodialysis nurse, Lynsey Stronach.

Halo vest system

The halo vest system protects the cervical spine (the bones in the neck) from any damaging movement t the bones that allows the bones to heal following injury or surgery. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the halo vest system and how to care for your child when you return home.
 

Bowel incontinence

This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains why bowel incontinence (encopresis or soiling) can occur in toilet-trained children and young people. It also gives suggestions for treatment and strategies to try at home to improve the situation.

Ileostomy

An ileostomy is a surgically formed opening in the ileum, which is the last part of the small bowel before it connects onto the large bowel (colon). The ileum is brought to the surface of the abdomen as an opening called a stoma. Watery diarrhoea passes through the stoma and is collected in a small plastic bag, called an ileostomy bag. An ileostomy can be temporary or permanent. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the operation to create the ileostomy, what to expect when your child is recovering and what to look out for once you get home.