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Allopurinol

Allopurinol is a xanthine oxidase inhibitor medicine used to prevent build-up of uric crystals in the body. This build up can be caused by some illnesses or as a side effect of certain medicines.This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains what allopurinol is, how it is given and some of the possible side effects. Each person reacts differently to medicines, so your child will not necessarily suffer from every side effect mentioned. If you have any questions or concerns, please speak to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) non-invasive ventilation

CPAP is Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. It is a type of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) or breathing support. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) non-invasive ventilation, how it can be used as a treatment for breathing difficulties during sleep and how to manage it at home.

Nasopharyngeal airways for craniofacial conditions

A nasopharyngeal airway is a small, plastic tube that keeps your child’s nostrils open, allowing them to breathe more easily. Children with craniofacial conditions may need a nasopharyngeal airway. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about nasopharyngeal airways, why they might be needed for children with craniofacial conditions and how to look after them at home.

Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin is a retinoid, which is a type of Vitamin A. It is commonly used for the treatment of severe acne. Retinoids are thought to influence the way in which cells grow and develop, and prevent the production of specific genes that may cause cancer.This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains what isotretinoin is, how it is given and some of the possible side effects.