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Nasopharyngeal airways for craniofacial conditions

A nasopharyngeal airway is a small, plastic tube that keeps your child’s nostrils open, allowing them to breathe more easily. Children with craniofacial conditions may need a nasopharyngeal airway. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about nasopharyngeal airways, why they might be needed for children with craniofacial conditions and how to look after them at home.

Cranio-fronto-nasal dysplasia

Cranio-fronto-nasal dysplasia is a type of craniosynostosis. The name describes the parts of the skull and face affected. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of cranio-fronto-nasal dysplasia (also known as cranio-fronto-nasal dysostosis).

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is group of inherited conditions that are present at birth (congenital) where the adrenal gland is larger than usual (hyperplasia). This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about the medical condition congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and what to expect when your child comes to GOSH for assessment and treatment.

Encouraging your child to produce a healthy voice

There are many reasons why children’s voices may sound different in quality, loudness or pitch, to those of their friends, brothers and sisters. Your child’s speech and language therapist and/or ENT doctor will explain the specific reason why your own child is having voice difficulties. Whatever the reason, we know that there are certain things that your child can do to make the most of their voice. There may also be things that they are doing that make the problem worse. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) is designed to help you to encourage your child to produce a healthy and efficient voice.

New daily persistent headache

New daily persistent headache (NDPH) is a type of persistent headache that starts suddenly and happens on a daily basis with migraine-like or tension-like features. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of NDPH and where to get help.

Cytarabine

Cytarabine is a chemotherapy medicine used to treat certain types of cancer and leukaemia. This page explains what cytarabine is, how it is given and some of the possible side effects. Each person reacts differently to medicines, so your child will not necessarily suffer from every side effect mentioned. If you have any questions or concerns, please speak to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Cytarabine

Cytarabine is a chemotherapy medicine used to treat certain types of cancer and leukaemia. This page explains what cytarabine is, how it is given and some of the possible side effects. Each person reacts differently to medicines, so your child will not necessarily suffer from every side effect mentioned. If you have any questions or concerns, please speak to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Laser treatment for birthmarks

Laser treatment, with a pulsed dye laser, is currently the treatment of choice for improving the colour of a capillary malformation (port wine stain). When laser treatment is carried out at a specialist centre, the results can be excellent and the side effects minimal. Laser treatment can also be used for other vascular conditions. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) describes laser treatment for birthmarks and what to expect when your child has treatment. 

Angiography and angioplasty

Angiography is a procedure that allows doctors to look at blood vessels in great detail using X-rays. If the doctors identify a narrowed portion (stenosis) of a blood vessel during the angiography procedure, they may stretch or widen it straightaway using a procedure called an angioplasty. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about an angiography and angioplasty procedure, what it involves and what to expect when your child comes to GOSH have one.