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Neonatal jaundice 

Jaundice is the medical word used to describe a yellowing of the skin and white parts of the eyes (sclera). Neonatal jaundice is a very common condition – around 60 per cent of babies born at term and 80 per cent of babies born early (prematurely) develop neonatal jaundice.

Cardiac anaesthetic

The anaesthetic team consists of a consultant (or specialist) anaesthetist, sometimes assisted by a junior anaesthetist, and an anaesthetic assistant, usually a nurse. An anaesthetist is a doctor who makes your child go to sleep and stay pain-free during an operation. They will stay with your child for the whole operation.

Kaposiform haemangioendothelioma 

Kaposiform haemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a rare vascular (blood vessel) growth that may involve the skin and/or internal organs. It usually appears at birth or soon afterwards and in the early stages can be confused with other types of birthmark, such as an infantile haemangioma (also known as a haemangioma of infancy). Although it may be referred to as a tumour, it is not cancerous and does not spread to other parts of the body.

Tracheal resection

Tracheal resection is an operation on the windpipe – the tube which connects the voicebox to the lungs. It involves a short section of the windpipe being removed and the cut ends of the windpipe are stitched back together.

HIV

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a blood-borne virus that attacks the body’s immune system. It is a life-long condition that can lead to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).

Tufted angioma 

Tufted angioma is a rare type of vascular (blood vessel) anomaly that affects the skin and tissues under the skin. It usually appears in the first year of life – although it may appear later.

CHARGE syndrome

CHARGE syndrome is a condition where a number of symptoms are seen together – the name CHARGE is made from the initials of the main symptoms of the condition. CHARGE syndrome is a rare condition affecting around one in every 10,000 births. It can also be called CHARGE association, because of the group of symptoms associated with each other, but this term tends not to be used these days.

Angiography and angioplasty

Angiography is a procedure that allows doctors to look at blood vessels in great detail using X-rays. If the doctors identify a narrowed portion (stenosis) of a blood vessel during the angiography procedure, they may stretch or widen it straightaway using a procedure called an angioplasty.