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Morphoea is a rare skin condition where patches of skin become hardened and lose their normal texture, becoming shiny. Sometimes the bones and muscles underneath the patches of skin become affected as well. 

Moyamoya disease

Moyamoya disease is a rare disease caused by narrowing (stenosis) or blockage (occlusion) of the four main blood vessels in the brain known as internal carotid arteries. The name ‘moyamoya’ means ‘puff of smoke’ in Japanese. This name describes the appearance of the network of small blood vessels that develop in the brain to compensate for the narrowing of the major blood vessels.


MRSA is short for Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusS. aureus is a bacterium (bug or germ) that about 30 per cent of us carry on our skin or in our nose without knowing about it. This is called 'colonisation'. This page explains about MRSA, how it is passed on and how it can be treated.It also explains about things we are doing at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) to reduce the chance of it spreading.

Muenke syndrome

Muenke syndrome is a type of complex craniosynostosis named after the doctor who first described it in the mid-1990s. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of Muenke syndrome (also known as FGFR3 associated craniosynostosis or P250arg mutation) and where to get help.


Myelomeningocele is a type of spina bifida. This is when the neural tube has failed to close and the neural tissue is exposed on the baby’s back. The myelomeningocele will look like a sac sticking out from a baby’s back. 

Nasal dermoid cysts

Nasal dermoid cysts are saclike growths that are present at birth and usually sit over the bridge of the nose. They may be completely unconnected with the nasal structures, within the nose or both. Sometimes, they have an associated passage that leads to the skin of the nose and this may discharge from time to time.