Electrocardiograms (ECG) are one of frequently used scans for diagnosing heart problems. An ECG measures electrical activity within the heart through sticky sensor pads put on your child’s chest. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about electrocardiograms (ECG), what is involved and what to expect when your child comes for the scan.
The results are displayed on a screen and printed on a thin strip of paper. Doctors use the results to check whether your child’s heart is beating normally. Your child will need to lie very still for the scan so it can be helpful to practise this at home beforehand.
Are there any alternatives?
While other scans such as x-rays, CT scans and MRI scans can show the structure of your child’s heart, an ECG is the best way to record its electrical activity and how it is beating.
ECG scans are just one part of a series of tests and scans that allow the doctor to monitor your child’s heart and plan treatment.
When you receive your appointment letter
If you are unable to keep this appointment, please inform the department as soon as possible. Sometimes, we can offer the appointment to another child on the waiting list.
The day of the scan
As the scan is of your child’s chest area, it would be helpful if they could wear loose clothes they can take off or undo easily. Please do not apply any lotion or ointment to your child’s chest the night before the scan as this can make it more difficult for the sensor pads to stick in place.
Please arrive at the Echo department at the time stated in your child’s appointment letter.
You will be able to stay with your child throughout the scan. They will need to take off or undo their top and lie on a bed next to the ECG machine. The technician will apply some sticky sensor pads on your child’s chest, which they will then connect with wires to the ECG machine.
Your child’s heart activity will be recorded through the sensors and you will both be able to see the picture on the screen.
Sometimes we will ask your child to cycle on an exercise bike or walk up and down.
Are there any risks?
There are no risks associated with an ECG. It is a quick and painless scan. Some children develop a red rash where the sensors were stuck to the skin.
This is harmless and will disappear over the next day or two.
After the scan
The technician will remove the sticky sensor pads and then your child will be able to get dressed. If they are not having any further tests, you will be free to go home. The technician will show the paper print out to a doctor who will write a report.
Please note this is a generic GOSH information sheet. If you have specific questions about how this relates to your child, please ask your doctor. Please note this information may not necessarily reflect treatment at other hospitals.