Medicines information

The information in this section describes medicines, how they are given and some of their possible side effects.

If you have any questions or concerns about medications, please ask your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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Search for information on medicines at Great Ormond Street Hospital.

Tuberculosis (TB) medicines

TB disease is treated using a combination of medicines, which must be taken for six to nine months or sometimes longer if the TB is in a part of the body which is difficult to treat or if the TB is in a hard to treat form (resistant). This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about the medicines used to treat and prevent TB and gives some important hints about making sure they are effective.

Pancreatic enzyme replacement in congenital hyperinsulinism

Digestive enzymes are made in the pancreas. The fat, protein and carbohydrate in food is broken down by the enzymes to release nutrients. „„In congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI), if surgery has removed all or part of the pancreas, the food cannot be digested and absorbed by the body. This is called malabsorption and causes loose or oily stools, wind, stomach ache and poor weight gain.

Intrathecal methotrexate

Methotrexate is a chemotherapy drug that is used to treat certain types of cancer and leukaemia. When given intrathecally, it prevents leukaemia cells entering the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) around the spine and brain. It is also used to treat leukaemia found in the CSF. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) describes intrathecal methotrexate, how it is given and some of the possible side effects.

Propranolol for headaches

Propranolol belongs to a group of drugs called beta blockers. It is used in patients with heart problems to control high blood pressure or irregular heart beats. It is also used to treat certain types of vascular birthmarks. It is also used to prevent migraines and headaches.

Furosemide

Furosemide belongs to a group of drugs called diuretics which increase the amount of urine produced. Furosemide is a medicine used in patients with heart and kidney problems to stop fluid building up in the body and so reduce the workload on the heart.