Conditions we treat

Use the search box below to learn more about the conditions we treat at Great Ormond Street Hospital. 

Exomphalos

Exomphalos is a type of abdominal wall defect. It occurs when a child’s abdomen does not develop fully while in the womb. This page explains about exomphalos or omphalocele, what causes it and what to expect when a child comes to Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) for treatment.

Duodenal atresia

Duodenal atresia means the duodenum, which is the first part of the small intestine just beyond the stomach, is closed off rather than being a tube. This stops food and fluid passing from the stomach into the intestines.This page explains about duodenal atresia, how it is treated and what to expect when a child comes to Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) for treatment.

Diaphragmatic hernia

The diaphragm is a curved muscle that separates the contents of the chest from the abdomen (tummy). Diaphragmatic hernias occur when the diaphragm does not form completely, leaving a hole.This page explains about diaphragmatic hernias, how they are treated and what to expect when a child comes to Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) for treatment.

Anorectal anomaly

An anorectal anomaly is a disorder affecting the anus and the rectum, the last part of the digestive system.This page explains about anorectal anomaly, how it can be treated and what to expect when a child comes to Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH).

Tourette syndrome

Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurological (brain) condition. The main signs of TS are motor and vocal tics. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains some basic facts about Tourette Syndrome (TS). 

Subglottic stenosis

The subglottis is just below the vocal cords at the bottom of the voice box (larynx). It is the narrowest part of a child’s airway. Subglottic stenosis is a narrowing of the subglottic airway. Doctors do not know how many children are affected by subglottic stenosis, but we see around 200 children with the condition each year at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH).

Choanal atresia

Choanal atresia is a rare condition that is present from birth, in which the nasal passages are blocked by bone or tissue. This condition can affect one or both nasal passages. This page explains about choanal atresia and what to expect when your child comes to Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) for treatment.

Landau Kleffner syndrome

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a rare epilepsy. It occurs in children usually between the ages of three and nine years and is characterised by loss of language skills and silent electrical seizures during sleep. It may be associated with convulsive seizures and additional difficulties with behaviour, social interaction, motor skills and learning. It is not usually life-threatening, but can impact greatly on quality of life unless it responds well to treatment. It occurs in approximately one child in a million. The disease is more common in boys and does not usually run in families.