Langerhans' cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a very rare condition with a high survival rate. Histiocyte cells normally help protect the skin, but sometimes the body has too many of them and they move around the body, causing damage.
Congenital hypothyroidism is a disorder affecting the thyroid gland, which is in the neck. The thyroid gland produces a hormone (chemical substance) called thyroxine, which is needed for normal growth and development.
Head injuries may involve the scalp, the skull, the brain or its protective membranes.This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the effects that a head injury can have on a child. It also sets out the treatment and care of any complications following a head injury.
Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD) is a rare inherited disorder affecting the nerve axons (which are responsible for conducting messages) in the brain and other parts of the body, causing a progressive loss of vision and of physical and mental skills.
Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC1) is a very rare disorder affecting the ‘white matter’ of the brain, often leading to progressive loss of physical, and sometimes mental, skills over very many years.
This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the neurological condition Vein of Galen Malformation (VGM). It aims to help understanding the condition, how it can be treated and what to expect when a child is admitted to GOSH.