Conditions we treat

Want to know more about the conditions we treat at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH)? Just search below:

Head injury in children

Children are incredibly active and they have little sense of danger so it is not surprising that they are prone to head injuries. In addition, their heads are large in proportion to their bodies and therefore more vulnerable to damage than adult heads. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the effects that a head injury can have on a child. It also sets out the treatment and care of any complications following a head injury.

Autoimmune enteropathy

Autoimmune enteropathy is a rare condition affecting young babies causing severe long-lasting diarrhoea. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of autoimmune enteropathy.

Microvillus atrophy

Microvillus atrophy is a life threatening condition causing severe diarrhoea in the first few days or weeks after birth. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of microvillus atrophy. 

Tufting enteropathy

Tufting enteropathy (also known as intestinal epithelial dysplasia) is a very rare congenital (present at birth) condition affecting the inner surface of the intestines. It causes severe life threatening diarrhoea in the first few days after birth. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of tufting enteropathy.

Haemangiomas

A haemangioma is a collection of small blood vessels that form a lump under the skin. They’re sometimes called ‘strawberry marks’ because the surface of a haemangioma can look like the surface of a strawberry. 

We’ll explain all about haemangiomas and what to expect when your child comes to Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH). 

Eighty percent of haemangiomas don’t develop any problems at all and, in those that do, the problems aren’t always severe. 

Port wine stains

A port wine stain is a vascular birthmark caused by abnormal development of blood vessels in the skin. A port wine stain is sometimes referred to as a capillary malformation.This page explains about port wine stains and what to expect when your child comes to Great Ormond Street Hospital for treatment.

Juvenile Dermatomyositis (JDM)

Juvenile Dermatomyositis (JDM) is an autoimmune condition which means that the immune system which normally protects the body reacts abnormally and becomes overactive in normal tissues. This immune system reaction leads to inflammation (pain/redness/swelling) which can lead to possible tissue damage. In dermatomyositis, the inflammation affects mainly the small blood vessels in muscle (myositis) and skin (dermatitis). This inflammation may cause muscle weakness or pain and skin rashes particularly on the face, eyelids, knuckles, knees and elbows.

Antley-Bixler syndrome

Antley-Bixler syndrome is a type of complex craniosynostosis named after the doctors who first described it. As well as the skull, the arms may also be affected. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of Antley-Bixler syndrome.