A haemangioma is a collection of small blood vessels under the skin. A congenital haemangioma is one that is present from birth and has grown to its maximum size while the baby is developing in the womb. Congenital haemangiomas are less common and behave very differently to the more common infantile haemangiomas.
Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a rare condition arising from ‘over-reaction’ of the immune system to a trigger such as a mild infection or a medicine, leading to blistering and peeling of the skin and surfaces of the eyes, mouth and throat. It is named after the two doctors who described it in the early 20th century.
A wide variety of things in the home are powered by button batteries – also known as coin batteries – but they can cause severe problems if swallowed by a child. This information page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the risks of swallowing a button battery, what treatment might be required if your child swallows one and how to prevent it happening in the first place.
The intestines form early in pregnancy as a long straight tube. Before the tenth week of pregnancy, they develop into the separate organs making up the digestive system. Occasionally, the intestines are not completely connected or blocked (atresia). Sometimes there is a partial blockage (web) inside the intestine.
Venous malformations arise from genetic changes that cause certain veins to have an abnormal shape, to be abnormally located, or to be abnormally numerous and bulky. This information sheet provides information about venous malformations and how they can be treated. It also explains what to expect when your child comes to Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) for diagnosis and treatment.
Autoimmune encephalitis is a group of rare neurological condition causing inflammation of the brain. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of autoimmune encephalitis and where to get help.
Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) encompasses a group of rare genetic fragile skin conditions, which cause the skin to blister or shear in response to minimal friction or trauma. This page has been compiled by Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) and DEBRA, the national charity that supports people living and working with Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB).
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is group of inherited conditions that are present at birth (congenital) where the adrenal gland is larger than usual (hyperplasia). This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about the medical condition congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and what to expect when your child comes to GOSH for assessment and treatment.
A dermoid cyst is a sac-like growth that is present at birth, containing structures such as hair, fluid, teeth or skin glands. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of intracranial (inside the skull) dermoid cysts and where to get help.