Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a rare neurological (brain) condition characterised by episodes of optic neuritis (inflammation or swelling of the optic nerve), transverse myelitis (inflammation or swelling of the spinal cord), together with one or more other diagnostic criteria including in some cases the presence of a specific antibody (AQP4).This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and where to get help.
Proteus syndrome is a medical condition that leads to disproportionate growth of tissues such as bone, skin, vascular and fatty tissue. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of Proteus syndrome and where to get help.
Some young people experience periods where they ‘black out’ or lose awareness of their surroundings for a few moments or sometimes a bit longer. Their body may start shaking and they could fall over and hurt themselves. A doctor may at first think that...
Severe recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) is one of four broad categories of epidermolysis bullosa (EB) which is a rare genetic skin disease with varying levels of severity. The extent of skin fragility depends on whether a child has little or no collagen.
In addition to language, children with Landau Kleffner Syndrome (LKS) often experience difficulties in other areas of development. These areas can impact on a child’s ability to learn and interact with the world around them, as well as their psychological well-being and self-esteem. This page discusses key areas of difficulty in relation to learning, motor skills and behaviour.
Landau Kleffner Syndrome (LKS) may be associated with complex language, and additional learning and behaviour difficulties. Children and young people with LKS will benefit from a school placement that can support their individual pattern of abilities and needs.
This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains why bowel incontinence (encopresis or soiling) can occur in toilet-trained children and young people. It also gives suggestions for treatment and strategies to try at home to improve the situation.