Conditions we treat

Use the search box below to learn more about the conditions we treat at Great Ormond Street Hospital. 

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) means that the blood is travelling through the lungs at a higher pressure than normal. The blood vessels that supply the lungs narrow and thicken, so that the heart has to work a lot harder to pump the blood through the vessels. The vessels cannot pick up as much oxygen as they should, so the body does not get as much oxygen as it needs.

Cystic fibrosis

This information from Great Ormond Street Hospital is about cystic fibrosis (CF) – an inherited disease primarily affecting the lungs and digestive system. It happens because the gene that is responsible for making mucus is faulty. Normally, the mucus that lines our internal organs is clear, lubricating and protects against infection. In babies with CF, it is thick, congesting and prone to infection. 

Autism

Children with autism usually experience difficulty in three main areas: social interaction, social communication and imagination and cognitive flexibility. Each of these diagnostic features can be present in different forms and varying degrees.

Cleft palate

A cleft is a hole or gap affecting the tissues in the palate (roof of the mouth). This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the symptoms, causes and treatment of cleft palate and where to get help.

Kidney stones

Kidney (or renal) stones are clusters of tiny crystals that can form in the kidneys. Most clusters are too small to cause any problems and pass out of the body in the urine.

Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence is the uncontrolled leakage of urine from the bladder. The amount of urine leakage varies from child to child, as does the time of day when it occurs. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment options for urinary incontinence – also referred to as enuresis if it occurs at night-time – and where to get help.

Urethral stricture

Urethral stricture is a narrowing of part, or all of, the urethra (the tube that carries urine outside the body from the bladder). Depending on the location and length of the stricture, it can affect a child’s ability to pass urine, either reducing the rate of flow or blocking the flow altogether.

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