Anaemia is a very common condition where the number of red blood cells or the amount of haemoglobin in red blood cells is less than normal. Iron deficiency anaemia is a specific type of anaemia caused by a lack of the mineral iron in the body. Iron is important in the formation of haemoglobin so a reduced iron level causes a reduced haemoglobin level in the blood.
The appendix is a small pouch joined to the large intestine at a point called the caecum. Appendicitis is inflammation and infection of the appendix. This information from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of appendicitis and where to get help.
It is common for children to be highly active, especially at younger ages. In most cases, this is normal behaviour and they will gradually grow out of it. However, for some children, there could be an underlying difficulty, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
A birthmark is a mark on the skin that is either present at birth or develops in the first few weeks of life. Birthmarks are very common and most types do not require any treatment at all. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) describes the different types of birthmark that can occur, how they can be treated (if needed) and where to get help.
A chalazion is a cyst (swollen area of tissue filled with fluid) that develops on the eyelid. The cyst is not usually painful, but can take a while to go down. Only very large chalazions can affect vision, by pressing on the eye.
Conjunctivitis is a very common eye infection. It involves the inflammation (swelling) of the conjunctiva which is the thin delicate membrane that covers the whites of the eyes and lines the inside of the eyelids.
Food intolerance is a type of food hypersensitivity that is very different to food allergy. Food allergy and food intolerance are often confused. A food allergy provokes a response from the immune system, but food intolerance does not.
A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound made by the heart. It is usually the sound of the blood negotiating its way around the tight bends inside a young child’s heart and resembles a “whooshing” or “swishing” noise.