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Search medical conditions A-Z 

Bowel incontinence

This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains why bowel incontinence (encopresis or soiling) can occur in toilet-trained children and young people. It also gives suggestions for treatment and strategies to try at home to improve the situation.

Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis is a common type of chest infection that tends to affect babies and young children under a year old. Although many bronchiolitis infections get better without treatment, a small number of children will need treatment in hospital, occasionally in the intensive care unit.This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of bronchiolitis and where to get help.

Brugada syndrome

Brugada syndrome is an inherited condition caused by a change in a person’s DNA. People with Brugada syndrome have changes in the microscopic structure of individual heart muscle cells – these changes affect the way that electrical impulses are able to pass through the heart. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about the medical condition Brugada syndrome, what causes it and where to get help.

Button batteries – using them safely

A wide variety of things in the home are powered by button batteries – also known as coin batteries – but they can cause severe problems if swallowed by a child. This information page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the risks of swallowing a button battery, what treatment might be required if your child swallows one and how to prevent it happening in the first place. 

Carpenter syndrome

This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of Carpenter syndrome (also known as acrocephalopolysyndactyly type 2 or ACPS II) and where to get help. Carpenter syndrome is a type of craniosynostosis named after the doctor who first described the condition.

Chalazion

A chalazion is a cyst (swollen area of tissue filled with fluid) that develops on the eyelid. The cyst is not usually painful, but can take a while to go down. Only very large chalazions can affect vision, by pressing on the eye.

CHARGE syndrome

CHARGE syndrome is a condition where a number of symptoms are seen together – the name CHARGE is made from the initials of the main symptoms of the condition. CHARGE syndrome is a rare condition affecting around one in every 10,000 births. It can also be called CHARGE association, because of the group of symptoms associated with each other, but this term tends not to be used these days.