Radial club hand is a congenital (present at birth) hand anomaly where the radius bone in the arm is missing or underdeveloped, causing the hand to be bent towards the body (radially deviated). It is also known as radial ray deficiency or anomaly. One in 75,000 children is born with radial club hand.
Raynaud’s phenomenon is a fairly common condition characterised by an exaggerated reaction to cold temperatures. It mainly affects the hands and feet but can also affect the nose, ears and lips. Raynaud’s phenomenon is named after the doctor who first described the condition.
In the womb, the retina (the light sensitive surface at the back of the eye that converts images into nerve signals that the brain understands) develops slowly and the retinal blood vessels often only complete growing by the end of gestation. If a child is born prematurely these blood vessels can grow abnormally causing damage to the retina and of course vision. This is called retinopathy of prematurity.
Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is a type of complex craniosynostosis named after the two doctors who described it in the mid-20th century. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of Saethre-Chotzen syndrome and where to get help.
Sagittal craniosynostosis is the most common type of non-syndromic craniosynostosis and occurs when the sagittal suture fuses before birth. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of sagittal craniosynostosis (also known as scaphocephaly) and where to get help.