Health dictionary - T


Tendon

A tendon joins muscle to bone or muscle to muscle. They very strong and flexible and are made up of lots of fibres joined together.

Thorax

The medical word for your chest.

Tonsils

You have tonsils on either side of your throat at the back of your mouth. They’re part of the immune system. When you’re a child, they can become inflamed which is called tonsillitis.

Topical

If you have to apply a cream or ointment topically, that means you apply it to the surface of the skin that’s affected.

Trachea

The medical word for your windpipe.

Traction

If you break a bone, you may need traction to help it heal properly. This means that a force is applied to stretch your arm or leg so that the ends of the bone meet properly and don’t overlap.

Tuberculosis

An infectious disease that mainly affects your lungs. You’re immunised against TB during childhood but people still develop TB because people coming into the UK haven’t always been immunised as children.

Tumour

A growth of some kind. These days, it usually refers to a cancerous lump.

Twins

When two babies are born together, they’re twins. You can be an identical twin, which means the twins developed from the same egg, or non-identical twins which means that two eggs were fertilised at the same time.

Tympanoplasty

A form of surgery that is performed on the small bones of the middle ear or a perforated eardrum.