The skin is complex with an array of functions. It is the body’s largest organ, protecting the deeper tissues and organs from mechanical damage, chemical damage, bacterial damage, ultraviolet radiation and thermal damage. The skin aids in regulating body temperature, in excretion of urea and uric acid and also synthesis of vitamin D (Marieb 2012).
Six-year-old Callum has a brain tumour that is too close to his pituitary gland to be removed. He needs to take medication for the rest of his life to replace vital hormones that he does not produce naturally. Mum, Sandra, remembers the surgery and treatment at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) that saved Callum’s life.
Researchers from the UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health have discovered a new gene change that identifies a type of the movement disorder, muscle dystonia. This new discovery will allow doctors to more easily identify patients who can benefit from treatment so effective that it can restore the ability to walk.
Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a rare epilepsy. It occurs in children usually between the ages of three and nine years and is characterised by loss of language skills and silent electrical seizures during sleep. It may be associated with convulsive seizures and additional difficulties with behaviour, social interaction, motor skills and learning. It is not usually life-threatening, but can impact greatly on quality of life unless it responds well to treatment. It occurs in approximately one child in a million. The disease is more common in boys and does not usually run in families.