Enteral feeding is a very useful method of ensuring adequate intake of fluid and nutrients in patients who, for a variety of reasons, are unable to use the oral route, or are unable to take sufficient nutrients to maintain growth and development.
The skin is complex with an array of functions. It is the body’s largest organ, protecting the deeper tissues and organs from mechanical damage, chemical damage, bacterial damage, ultraviolet radiation and thermal damage. The skin aids in regulating body temperature, in excretion of urea and uric acid and also synthesis of vitamin D (Marieb 2012).
Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a rare form of epilepsy occurring in children, usually between the ages of three and nine years, that affects the child’s ability to understand and use language. All children with LKS suffer from abnormal electrical brain waves particularly during sleep and some will have obvious epileptic seizures. Children with LKS often have additional difficulties with behaviour, social interaction, motor skills and learning.
Six-year-old Callum has a brain tumour that is too close to his pituitary gland to be removed. He needs to take medication for the rest of his life to replace vital hormones that he does not produce naturally. Mum, Sandra, remembers the surgery and treatment at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) that saved Callum’s life.