Obstructive sleep apnoea is a condition that affects the airway and how we breathe. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and where to get help.
The ketogenic diet (KD) is a therapeutic diet, which has been shown to improve seizure control in patients with drug resistant epilepsy, and is used in some patients with metabolic conditions for example, glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1) and pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency (PDH).
A colonoscopy is a test that allows the doctor to look at the colon for any abnormalities. This is to confirm or rule out a condition or diagnosis. A colonoscopy is the ‘gold standard’ way of assessing the gut.
NOTE: We review our guidelines regularly and this guideline is now past its review date. The content of the guideline below may not reflect the most recent evidence-based practice. Please use with caution.
This information from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about the gastroscopy procedure, what it involves and what to expect when your child comes to GOSH for treatment. You may also hear the procedure called an oesophagogastroduodenoscopy or OGD.
A video capsule endoscopy is a test carried out at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) to look at the small intestine for any abnormalities. This is to confirm or rule out a condition or diagnosis. A capsule containing a tiny camera and light is inserted into the digestive system using an endoscope during a gastroscopy procedure.
A nasopharyngeal airway is a small, plastic tube that keeps your child’s nostrils open, allowing them to breathe more easily. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about nasopharyngeal airways, why they might be needed for children with craniofacial conditions and how to look after them at home.
The purpose of this guideline is to provide guidance on the care and use of long term Central Venous Access Devices (CVAD) including advice on dealing with any problems encountered. For the purpose of this guideline, devices that are required to remain insitu greater than a month will be considered a long term CVAD.
Note: While this guideline refers to the 'child' throughout, all activities are applicable to young people
We all have medicines of some kind at home, some of which could be dangerous if taken incorrectly. Here Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains how to keep your medicines safe at home. You'll also find tips for keeping a well-stocked but safe medicine cabinet.
This clinical guideline from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) discusses nutritional requirements for preterm infants receiving enteral nutrition. It does not give guidance on the prescription of parenteral nutrition (PN).
Azathioprine is known as an immunosuppressant medicine. It is used at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) to treat certain types of chronic inflammatory conditions like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), vasculitis, eczema and Crohn’s disease.
Immunoglobulin is also known as IgG or antibody. It is a blood product and is given often as replacement for people who are unable to make their own antibodies. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains what immunoglobulin is, why it is used in Neurology, how it is given and some of the possible side effects.