The key to dealing with medicines effectively is to understand them. This information aims to explain a little more about how medicines are organised in the UK, understanding your prescription and who to ask for more information.
Medicines can be confusing. We are told that they can cure an illness or improve our symptoms, but they can be dangerous if taken incorrectly. The key to dealing with medicines effectively is to understand them.
Erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA) medicines are man-made versions of erythropoietin, which is a hormone (chemical messenger) produced naturally by the kidneys. The role of erythropoietin is to stimulate the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells.
The ketogenic diet (KD) is a therapeutic diet, which has been shown to improve seizure control in patients with drug resistant epilepsy, and is used in some patients with metabolic conditions for example, glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1) and pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency (PDH).
The skin is complex with an array of functions. It is the body’s largest organ, protecting the deeper tissues and organs from mechanical damage, chemical damage, bacterial damage, ultraviolet radiation and thermal damage. The skin aids in regulating body temperature, in excretion of urea and uric acid and also synthesis of vitamin D (Marieb 2012).
Pharmacy is defined as the study of medicines. It involves studying how medicines are discovered, developed and made. It also covers how medicines work in the body to prevent or treat disease, and how active ingredients can be made in to medicines.
Lanreotide is used to treat persistently low blood sugar levels (hypoglycaemia) caused by the body producing too much insulin (hyperinsulinism). This information from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) describes lanreotide injections, how they are given and some of its side effects.
Alternating hemiplegia is a rare condition where a child has episodes of weakness affecting one side of the body. This weakness can affect all the muscles on the affected side, not just those in the limbs. After an episode, the weakness improves, but will recur during the next episode.
Bronchoscopy and bronchogram (B&B) is a combination of two tests used to look closely at your child's airway and how it is working. An optical coherence tomography (OCT) test gives us images of the cartilage rings which make up the airway wall.
A gastrostomy is a feeding tube that is inserted directly into the stomach either surgically under direct vision (open or laproscopic), endoscopically (with a camera), or radiologically (x-ray guidance). A gastrostomy tube allows the delivery of supplemental nutrition and medications directly into the stomach. It also provides a mechanism to drain gastric contents if required. In order for gastrostomy feeding to be successful the child or young person must have a functioning gastrointestinal tract.
This guideline concentrates on topical administration for atopic dermatitis/eczema for children and young people. While this guideline refers to the 'child' throughout, all activities are applicable to young people.
Steroids are hormonal substances that are produced naturally in the body by the adrenal glands (which are just above each kidney) and by the reproductive organs. There are many different types of steroids and they have different effects on the body.