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Types of medicines

Most medicines come in a variety of types or formats. Be aware, though, that some medicines (particularly rare or unusual ones) only come in one type. Also, some may be more effective in one type than another.

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Pharmacy is defined as the study of medicines. It involves studying how medicines are discovered, developed and made. It also covers how medicines work in the body to prevent or treat disease, and how active ingredients can be made in to medicines.

Skin biopsy: punch method

The skin is complex with an array of functions. It is the body’s largest organ, protecting the deeper tissues and organs from mechanical damage, chemical damage, bacterial damage, ultraviolet radiation and thermal damage. The skin aids in regulating body temperature, in excretion of urea and uric acid and also synthesis of vitamin D (Marieb 2012). 

Iloprost

Iloprost is known as a prostaglandin. It acts by imitating a naturally occurring substance in the body called prostacyclin. It is prescribed at GOSH to treat pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the blood vessels in the lungs). It works by lowering blood pressure by widening the blood vessels in the lungs.

Lanreotide injections

Lanreotide is used to treat persistently low blood sugar levels (hypoglycaemia) caused by the body producing too much insulin (hyperinsulinism). This information from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) describes lanreotide injections, how they are given and some of its side effects.

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