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Types of medicines

Most medicines come in a variety of types or formats. Be aware, though, that some medicines (particularly rare or unusual ones) only come in one type. Also, some may be more effective in one type than another.

Special handling requirements for oral cytotoxics and immunosuppressant medicines

Cytotoxic medicines are used to kill or damage abnormal cells. There are many different kinds with many different uses. This information from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) describes how oral cytotoxic and immunosuppressant medicines should be given. It also provides advice on how to handle these medicines safely.

Tuberculosis (TB) medicines

TB disease is treated using a combination of medicines, which must be taken for six to nine months or sometimes longer if the TB is in a part of the body which is difficult to treat or if the TB is in a hard to treat form (resistant). This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about the medicines used to treat and prevent TB and gives some important hints about making sure they are effective.

Neuropathic pain medicines

This information from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about medicines used to treat children and young people with neuropathic pain  – pain caused by the nerves sending wrong signals to and from the brain. At GOSH, we mainly use amitriptyline, gabapentin and pregabalin, although other medicines are available.

It is important that you should also read the information provided by the pain relief manufacturer, however our information relates specifically to children and young people and so may differ.

Neuropathic pain medicines

This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about medicines used to treat neuropathic pain – pain caused by the nerves sending wrong signals to and from the brain. At GOSH, we mainly use amitriptyline, gabapentin and pregabalin, although other medicines are available.

Actikerall® to treat warts

Actikerall® is a clear solution to be applied to the affected area of skin – 1g of Actikerall® contains 5mg fluoroucil, which destroys some skin cells and 100mg salicylic acid, which makes skin shed more easily. Its full name is Actikerall® 5mg/g + 100mg/g cutaneous solution.

Barium 

Barium sulphate is a thick, white liquid that shows up well on x-rays. It is used in various diagnostic tests, such as Upper GI contrast studies and Contrast enemas. It is also used to highlight parts of the digestive system for certain interventional radiology procedures.

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Pharmacy is defined as the study of medicines. It involves studying how medicines are discovered, developed and made. It also covers how medicines work in the body to prevent or treat disease, and how active ingredients can be made in to medicines.

Bowel cleansing at home 

Bowel cleansing solutions (also called bowel preparation) is used to clear the bowel before a procedure at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH). This allows the doctor to see the bowel wall during colonoscopy and similar procedures. The solutions used are senna, Picolax® or CitraFleet®. 

Ubiquinone 30mg in 5ml oral solution 

Ubiquinone is also known as coenzyme Q10 or ubiquinone. It is found naturally in many foods, such as meat and fish, and helps cells to generate energy. Ubiquinone has been used for heart problems such as heart failure, angina or high blood pressure. It may also prevent damage to the heart caused by certain medicines. Other uses include cancer treatment, muscle problems and metabolic diseases.

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