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Closed spinal dysraphism

In early development, the brain and spinal cord start as a tube-like structure called the ‘neural tube’ that is open at either end. These openings close within the first weeks of pregnancy, and the neural tube continues to grow and fold, eventually forming the brain and spinal cord.

Coats' disease

This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of Coats Disease, a rare eye condition. It also explains what problems to look out for after diagnosis and sources of further information and support.

Congenital curly toes

Congenital curly toes is a condition that is present at birth and tends to affect the third, fourth and fifth toes on one or both feet. This information from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatments for the condition.