In early development, the brain and spinal cord start as a tube-like structure called the ‘neural tube’ that is open at either end. These openings close within the first weeks of pregnancy, and the neural tube continues to grow and fold, eventually forming the brain and spinal cord.
Cluster headache is a type of headache that involves repeated attacks of very severe pain on one side of the head. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of cluster headaches and where to get help.
This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of Coats Disease, a rare eye condition. It also explains what problems to look out for after diagnosis and sources of further information and support.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is group of inherited conditions that are present at birth (congenital) where the adrenal gland is larger than usual (hyperplasia). In CAH, the body is missing an enzyme (chemical substance) that stimulates the adrenal glands to release the cortisol hormone.
Congenital Central Hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a condition affecting how the autonomic nervous system manages breathing. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) and where to get help.
The proper name for CMV is cytomegalovirus. It is a common infection which is part of the herpes family of viruses. Once a person is infected, the virus remains inactive in their body for the rest of their life.
Congenital curly toes is a condition that is present at birth and tends to affect the third, fourth and fifth toes on one or both feet. This information from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatments for the condition.
A haemangioma is a collection of small blood vessels under the skin. A congenital haemangioma is one that is present from birth and has grown to its maximum size while the baby is developing in the womb. Congenital haemangiomas are less common and behave very differently to the more common infantile haemangiomas.