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Birthmarks

A birthmark is a mark on the skin that is either present at birth or develops in the first few weeks of life. Birthmarks are very common and most types do not require any treatment at all. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) describes the different types of birthmark that can occur, how they can be treated (if needed) and where to get help. 

Blue rubber bleb naevus syndrome

Blue rubber bleb naevus syndrome is the name given to a condition characterised by blue marks on the skin and internal organs caused by abnormal veins. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) provides information about the causes, symptoms and treatment of blue rubber bleb naevus syndrome and where to get help.

Bowel incontinence

This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains why bowel incontinence (encopresis or soiling) can occur in toilet-trained children and young people. It also gives suggestions for treatment and strategies to try at home to improve the situation.

Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis is a common type of chest infection that tends to affect babies and young children under a year old. Although many bronchiolitis infections get better without treatment, a small number of children will need treatment in hospital, occasionally in the intensive care unit.This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of bronchiolitis and where to get help.

Brugada syndrome

Brugada syndrome is an inherited condition caused by a change in a person’s DNA. People with Brugada syndrome have changes in the microscopic structure of individual heart muscle cells – these changes affect the way that electrical impulses are able to pass through the heart. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about the medical condition Brugada syndrome, what causes it and where to get help.

Button batteries – using them safely

A wide variety of things in the home are powered by button batteries – also known as coin batteries – but they can cause severe problems if swallowed by a child. This information page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the risks of swallowing a button battery, what treatment might be required if your child swallows one and how to prevent it happening in the first place. 

Campomelic dysplasia

Campomelic dysplasia is a type of skeletal dysplasia – a condition where the bones of the skeleton do not form properly before birth. In campomelic dysplasia, the leg bones are bowed – campomelic is the Greek for bent limb. It is a very rare condition, affecting around 1 in every 40,000 births.