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Unicoronal craniosynostosis

Unicoronal craniosynostosis is a type of non-syndromic craniosynostosis and occurs when one of the two coronal sutures fuses before birth. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of unicoronal craniosynostosis and where to get help.

Ventriculomegaly

Ventriculomegaly is the medical term used to describe enlargement of the ventricles of the brain. Hydrocephalus is the term used when enlargement of the ventricles has been caused by an increase in the pressure of the cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) within them. This information sheet from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of ventriculomegaly and hydrocephalus and where to get help.

Verrucous vascular malformation

Verrucous vascular malformation is a rare type of birthmark that leads to changes in skin colour and texture. It is called a ‘verrucous’ vascular malformation because the surface sometimes looks a little bit like a verruca or wart. Verrucous vascular malformation can be present at birth and may get worse with age.

Vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR)

Vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR) occurs when the valve between the ureters (the tubes that carry urine away from the kidneys) and the bladder is not working properly. Urine can flow backwards into the ureters, sometimes as far as the kidneys. If infected urine flows into the kidneys, this can damage them.