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Children with autism usually experience difficulty in three main areas: social interaction, social communication and imagination and cognitive flexibility. Each of these diagnostic features can be present in different forms and varying degrees.

Autoimmune enteropathy

Autoimmune enteropathy is a rare condition affecting young babies causing severe long-lasting diarrhoea. This information from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of autoimmune enteropathy and where to get help.

Bicoronal craniosynostosis

Bicoronal craniosynostosis is a type of craniosynostosis which may be part of a syndrome (collection of symptoms often seen together) or non-syndromic. It occurs when both coronal sutures fuse before birth. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of bicoronal craniosynostosis and where to get help.


A birthmark is a coloured area of skin. Some people are born with birthmarks (as the name suggests), but they can also appear in the weeks after you’re born. Many people have a birthmark of some kind but very few need treatment for them. Certain types of vascular birthmarks can be treated at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) with laser surgery.