The most common reason why might the pulmonary valve need replacing in children and young adults is related to treatment of congenital heart disease. Pulmonary valve replacement is usually suggested when a child has symptoms of heart failure, such as tiredness on exercising.
This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains about the posterior vault expansion operation, which is used to treat craniofacial disorders. It explains how to prepare your child for surgery as well as what to expect in hospital afterwards.
An important part of our daily routine is to keep ourselves clean – this is a major part of preventing infection – your skin is the physical barrier that keeps out germs and bugs. It is also very important that you take good care of your teeth and gums – this too will help reduce your chances of getting an infection.
Any operation or procedure poses a risk of infection, although in most cases this risk is low. Your surgeon will discuss the specific risk to your child, as it depends on the type of operation your child is having. Almost all operations involving breaking the skin in some way – either through an incision (cut), through a cannula (thin plastic tube) placed into a blood vessel, or by having a tube in your mouth (to help you breath during their operation). The risk of infection getting inside the body can be reduced by having clean skin and good mouth care.
Here we explain why it is so important for your child to have clean skin and good mouth care before the operation and what measures we have put in place at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) to reduce the risk of infection before, during and after an operation.