A type of germ or bug which can make you ill. They’re treated using antibiotics.
This is a substance swallowed by a patient to coats the
lining of the stomach so that the digestive system shows up on an x-ray.
This allows doctors to check for any abnormalities.
Something that is slow-growing or won’t cause much harm.
You can get benign tumours, which won’t spread throughout the body, for
When a part of your body isn't working quite right,
doctors need to be able to see what's going wrong. Sometimes, they
decide to do a biopsy, which means they take a really small section from
that part of your body. They can then carry out tests on the piece of
tissue, without you having to be there. And, they can work out how the
body part works, and what's going wrong.
This is a mark on your skin that is there when you are
born or develops very soon afterwards. They can be brown, red or even a
Your bladder is a bag made of muscle, which holds urine
(wee) until you need to have a wee. The amount of urine the bladder
holds varies from person to person – some people's bladders can hold a
lot of urine, some people's don't.
Your blood flows all around your body through arteries,
veins and capillaries. It's made up of different types of blood cell –
red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets – all suspended in a
liquid called plasma.
A test on a sample of blood that counts how many of each
type of blood cell is present. It’s used as a general check that you
are well or not.
A test that shows the amount of certain gases, like
oxygen and carbon dioxide, are in your blood. It’s usually used to check
whether you’re breathing effectively and getting enough oxygen.
There are lots of different blood groups – A, B, AB and O
– and everyone has one. Blood groups are important if you’re having a
blood transfusion, as certain blood groups won’t be accepted if you have
a different one to the donated blood.
Blood pressure shows how hard your heart is working to
move blood around your body. It may seem strange, but when the doctor
puts an arm-band around one of your arms and starts pumping air into it,
it means they're checking your blood pressure.
Blood sugar level
This means the amount of glucose (a form of sugar/carbohydrate) in blood.
A way of replacing blood lost during an operation or
after an accident. Before you have a blood transfusion, you’ll have your
blood group checked to make sure your body will accept the transfusion.
This is a normal reaction to being embarrassed, or
sometimes scared. The tiny blood vessels in your cheeks swell to let
more blood through, which is what makes you go red.
These make up our skeleton. Bones are made from
substances like calcium and phosphorus which make them strong. Inside
some of our bones is bone marrow.
You never actually get to see your bone marrow but it is
very important. It's thick, squishy stuff that helps your blood to
work. It produces special blood cells that protect you against infection
and makes sure oxygen gets to every corner of your body.
The main organ in your nervous system. It’s where you
think, speak and have feelings. It also controls lots of other things in
your body, like breathing and temperature, which happen without you
having to remember to do them!
How you take in oxygen from the air around us, and transfer it into your blood where it can travel all around your body.
If you have brittle bones, they’re not as strong as
other peoples and you’re more likely to fracture them. Some people have
something called brittle bone disease (also called osteogenesis
imperfecta) where their bones haven’t formed properly.
These are the two tubes that connect the bottom of your windpipe to your lungs.
A type of drug used if you have asthma. They work by
opening up the passages in your lungs so you can breathe easier. You
usually take them using an inhaler or ‘puffer’.
A test where the doctor can look inside your lungs using
a flexible tube with a camera and light on the end. You’ll usually have
this test under a general anaesthetic, so you’re deeply ‘asleep’.
We all get bruises if we knock ourselves on something or
fall over. Bruises happen because the tiny blood vessels just under the
skin burst so that the blood leaks out a bit. This is what makes your
skin go blue. As a bruise is healing, the area goes yellow, which shows
that the body is breaking down the blood and getting rid of it.
A type of eating disorder, where the person eats loads
and loads, and then makes themself sick. They can do this over and over
again, so that they don’t gain any weight.